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How to Avoid Dye Migration During Heat Transfer Printing?

With the growing popularity of athleisure and performance wear in the sporting goods industry, we are seeing more and more of the garments containing materials that present a challenge to the apparel decorating community in regards to heat transfer printing.

Sublimated apparel adds trouble to the printing mix because of the special dyes used during that specific printing process. In the end, when apparel decorators are trying to print on these types of fabrics, especially polyester, the apparel dyes tend to “migrate” through the finished design that was added to the garment.

heat transfer printing

What does this mean? Well, for example, your white letters on your red shirt end up being pink instead of white. This is known as dye migration.

What is Dye Migration and What Causes It?

Dye migration is when the ink “bleeds” through the ink or transfer that was applied to the garment. This happens because of the heat that is needed to cure the ink or apply the transfer during the screen printing or heat printing process.

However, the same heat will also “activate” the dyes used for coloring the apparel, especially in polyester fabrics. This will allow the dyes in the garment to start penetrating the ink used for decorating. It may not be visible immediately, and many times will become visible within several days after the decorating process occurs.

Dye migration is also very common among sublimated apparel. During the sublimating process, dyes are actually infused into a garment with the dyes being in a gaseous state. Heat will also activate these dyes back into a gas state, allowing the dye to bleed through your ink.

rotary heat transfer machine

It is a similar concept of when you wash your clothes. If you add a red shirt in with your white shirt, especially in hot water, your white shirt will come out pink. So the most common culprits are the polyester fabric types, bright colors, and the dye process that was used, such as sublimation printing.

If you have these combination of factors, take careful measures to avoid dye migration from happening.

What’s the Difference Between Heat Transfer Printing vs Screen Printing?

rotary heat pressIf you are in digital printing areas, you’re probably wondering what the difference is between all these very similar printing options – like heat transfer printing vs screen printing. In this article, we’ll help you decide which printing process is best for you by breaking down the differences between these two common printing types.

When a design is produced using the screen printing method, actual screens are used in the process! Essentially, this screen is cut to make a stencil for the design. Ink is then spread over the screen, passing through to the object underneath only in the areas you want it to be. Only one color per screen can be used – so depending on the number of colors in the design, you’ll need multiple screens to produce the final item.

The heat transfer printing method applies custom designs to items like t-shirts or tablecloths through a process that uses a combination of heat and pressure. Common kinds of heat transfer printing include vinyl heat transfer and digital print heat transfer. With the vinyl heat transfer process, a machine is used to cut out designs and letters in pieces of colored vinyl. A heat press is then used to transfer each vinyl color of the design onto the object being printed. With digital print heat transfer, the desired graphic is first digitally printed on special heat transfer paper using a solvent ink. This type of ink allows the design to be transferred from the paper to the item being printed when pressed with heat. With both these types of heat transfer, a heat press machine will be needed to transfer the graphic, either vinyl or digitally printed, from one surface to another. It’s the magical combination of heat and pressure that transfers the design!

We FeiYue Digital Technology Co., Ltd mainly manages sublimation paper, inkjet printer, digital printing inks, calender machines and accessories, operating this industry has been more than 10 years experience. After continuous improvement of the product, to ensure product quality can also be profit at the same time to the minimum, to ensure that customers enjoy the best price and the best quality products.

There’re So Many Advantages of Using A Heat Transfer Printing Machine, Do You Know?

There’re many advantages of our heat transfer printing machine. Today, I will share some with you.

1.The color is bright, the level is rich: multiple sets of color technology combinations, the color is more perfect.

2.Washable and anti-sun: long-term preservation does not fade, repeated use, color fastness can reach 4 levels.

3.Environmental protection and pollution-free: the use of environmentally friendly raw materials, green processing, no negative effects on the human body.

4.The new concept of thermal transfer printing: the printing process is simple, greatly simplifying the thermal transfer printing process.

5.The production cycle is short: direct proofing, saving plate making costs and cycles, a flower-shaped print.

calender heat transfer machine

6.It is not limited by the size of the flower shape return: it overcomes the problem of the traditional printing back limit and cannot be printed.

7.Arbitrary flower shape design: the design space is infinite, the pattern color is accurate, and there is no third color produced by the overprint in the traditional printing.

Today’s article is shared here. We Nanjing Fei Yue Digital is a company specializing in thermal transfer printing equipment. If you are interested in our products, welcome to contact us at any time. We will provide you the best quality product and service. Thanks for your reading.


More info:
Company Name: FeiYue Digital Technology Co., Ltd
Web: www.sublicalender.com
E-mail: sales@feiyuepaper.com
Tel: 86-025-86628894
Whatsapp: +86 18351865850
Address: No.323 Central Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China


If you got into the digital printing industry, you must have heard of thermal transfer printing. The principle of thermal transfer printing is somewhat similar to the transfer printing method. Today, we will introduce the principle of it.

In thermal transfer printing, a pattern is first printed on paper with a dispersion-containing dye and a printing iheat press machinenk, and then transfer paper is stored for use in a textile printing factory.

When the fabric is printed, the transfer paper and the unprinted face-to-face are pasted together through a thermal transfer printing machine, and the dye on the transfer paper is sublimated and transferred at such a high temperature at a temperature of about 210 ° C (400 T). On the fabric, the printing process is completed without further processing. The process is relatively simple and does not require the necessary expertise in the production of roller printing or rotary screen printing.

Disperse dyes are the only dyes that can sublimate, in the sense that they are the only dyes that can be thermally transferred. Therefore, the process can only be applied to fabrics composed of fibers having affinity for such dyes, including acetate fibers and propylene. Nitrile rayon fiber, polyamide fiber (nylon) and polyester fiber.

In thermal transfer printing, fabric printing plants purchase such printing paper from highly specialized printing paper manufacturers. Transfer paper can be printed according to the requirements of the pattern designer and the customer (off-the-shelf patterns can also be used for transfer paper printing). Thermal transfer printing can be used to print pieces (such as border printing, chest embroidery, etc.). In this case, a specially designed pattern is used.

sublimation printing

Thermal transfer printing stands out as a complete fabric printing method from the printing process, thus eliminating the need for large and expensive dryers, steamers, water washers and tenters. Since the printed paper can be inspected before printing, this eliminates the inaccuracy and other symptoms. Therefore, thermal transfer printing fabrics rarely appear defective. If you are considering to choose a good printing method, thermal transfer printing will be a good choice.

What Is the Perfect Heat Press Machine for You?

   When you buy a good inkjet printer at home, the next step is to find a perfect heat press machine (unless you want professional factory to help you). But how to make sure you can buy the heat press machine? heat press machine

   Size is the first factor. The size of the heat press machines are various on the market. You should know the size of your products, and it will be better to take the future into consideration.

   Consistent heat is an important indicator to judge the quality of the heat press machine. Heat presses need to be heated to about 400 degrees fahrenheit for sublimation inks to transfer from the paper to the polymer fibers. This transfer has to be smooth and even for the process to work properly and for the image transfer to be consistent from one pressing to the next. heat press machine      Consistent pressure is another indicator to just the heat press machine quality.  A quality heat press has a heavy platen that generates enough weighted-pressure

   Heat pressing is not a complex job, as long as you choose the suitable heat press machine, everything can be easier.

What are the supporting materials for roller drum heat transfer machine?

Introduction of materials for roller drum heat transfer machine.

Heat transfer off type substrate, paper (light, matte)

Release film or paper (coated with release agent) can be used directly, screen printing, offset printing, gravure. When using offset printing, please note: the universal offset printing ink needs to be permeated and dried, which cannot be printed directly on the release film, and a suitable gloss oil needs to be covered when printing (it is recommended to add wax paste, silicon powder, etc.). Offset printing ink directly to do the color fastness, after the transfer of color, can not meet the requirements of washable clothing. Transfer, when the temperature falls below the melting point of the ink before peeling. Peeling effect is best when cold tear is completed.

With high elastic transfer ink

Good adhesion, anti-fading, elastic, using 200 mesh -300 mesh, white screen used 180-200 mesh. Opening agent for solvent, 783.

Hot melt glue

Hot melt adhesive is suitable for cotton cloth, nylon cloth, chemical fiber cloth, for the spot ink transfer substrate adhesion, soft feel. Suitable hot temperature: nylon fabric 120 ℃ to 130 ℃, the swimsuit cloth 140 ℃ to 150 ℃, 150 ℃ to 160 ℃, cotton cloth hot stamping 6 to 8 seconds. With spot ink, screen printing 80-100 mesh, dilute solvent used ring has ketone, opening agent.

Hot transfer printing hot melt powder

Heat transfer printing hot melt powder has high bonding strength. Washable; Do not affect ink color; This product is harmless to human body and environment. It is a new kind of environmental protection material, suitable for various kinds of textiles. Transfer printing of leather, paper, wood and other materials.

Purpose: 1. Thermal transfer printing; 2. Make printing paste; 3. Screen printing; 4. Bronzing flocking printing; Make hot sols

Heat transfer release agent

Heat transfer release agent is suitable for stamping, heat transfer printing film, heat transfer label and so on. According to different properties, it can be divided into two types: cold tear release agent and hot and cold release agent. Cold tear release agent: the release film is transparent color with high gloss on the parting surface. The release film is transferred with the pattern. Cold and hot tear release agent: the release film is translucent, the release surface is bright, and the hot stamping temperature is between 120 and 220 degrees.

Matters needing attention:

A. 60 degree drying is recommended for release agent drying to improve the adhesion, scratch resistance, solvent resistance and release ability of release film.

B. Transfer of cold and hot tear type agent to PET to hot tear to smooth and cold tear to light; Hot strip paper to smooth, cold tear to matte.

C. Due to the high solid content of the original release agent, it can be diluted with the opening agent and used again. The dilution ratio of cold avulsion type release agent is 2:1. The dilution ratio of hot avulsion type release agent is 1:1. The release agent with diluent must be stirred evenly before use.

D. It is advisable to use 250-350 mesh screen, can be printed per kilogram of about 130 ㎡, printed twice is preferred.

Three advantages of heat transfer printing machine, can you guess?

Heat transfer printing is a new printing and dyeing technology which is emerging in the world in recent years. First, use advanced printing techniques to dye special prints (waterborne or oily), print all the necessary patterns on special paper to make transfer printing paper with various patterns, and then on heat transfer printing machine. The transfer printing paper printed on the side of the printed pattern and the printed fabric, through the heat and pressure, using the paper dye sublimation, transfer to the printed fabric, in the printed fabric to form the required patterns. Thermal transfer printing machine is more and more popular nowadays, and its three advantages cannot be separated.

1. Simple steps.

It does not require plate making, printing, repeated color steps, screen printing and heat transfer methods required by various types of tools, materials. Using a printer, you only need to prepare an ordinary computer. One operator can operate the printing operation completely independently, save manpower and material resources, and the way is simple, instant desirable. The experience requirement to operator is low, want to know simple picture processing software to be ok only.

2. Avoid damage.

It can be printed not only on tough crystal, stone, metal, glass and other materials, but also on soft leather, cloth, cotton and other materials. It can be printed on inorganic materials, or on organic materials with complex composition and variety. With more and better compatibility for materials, the use of the vertix printer avoids the problems of screen printing, water transfer material selection, as well as the damage of heat transfer to other organic materials such as leather, cloth and cotton. It caters to diversified market demands and can provide more comprehensive production services for users.

3. Avoid deviation.

Printer is no longer the traditional printing mode and method, is no longer a simple manual operation of the past and printing craft, with high technical content of computer generated, and the combination of automatic control technology for the better, can be very precise on the printing area and position, to avoid the manual printing house in the position of the deviation problem. As it is a one-off multicolor printing, there will be no matching problem. These advantages can also be combined with engraving and etching in a very effective way, such as printing beautiful images in the engraving area, or precise etching after printing, making good breakthroughs in the engraving industry.



When shopping for a high quality heat press machine or t-shirt printers there are several things to look for, such as a timer, temperature gauge and the weight of the press. A good and efficient press must have a digital control complete with these features. These are the reasons a business or a person, taking it as a hobby, should invest in a quality heat press.

rotary heat transfer machine

  1. Cost-effective

Investing in a good heat press will yield profits for your work in the long run. With a machine which can handle a high volume of work, you can create lots of printed T-Shirts. The machines are designed to handle small and large volumes of work, depending on the type.

  1. Easy to use

Quality heat presses are easy to use. Those with no prior experience are able to learn fast when they have access to a good heat press. The technology applied in their manufacturing and control is easily grasped during the process of using it. They take relatively little space and are efficient.

  1. Speed

heat transfer printingThe speed of a heat press makes it attractive. It is fast and produces many printed objects compared to other graphics printing machines. A heat press machine has a control panel which does not require much energy to operate and creates results quickly.

  1. Quality production

It prints electronically and quickly without undermining the quality. The heat press is able to make complete and even transfers on the substrates by application of temperature up to 500°F.

  1. Versatile

High-quality machines are versatile, in that, they can produce on different materials and fabrics, for example, satin and cotton. They can also work on hard materials, such as ceramic tiles. These allow them to work on mugs, tiles, umbrellas and other products with much ease. Their versatility is a huge advantage for businesses and people who want to try out different designs and prints.

  1. Integrated techniques

Heat presses can use integrated techniques—you can use a heat press machine with other printing techniques such as the use of ink. This prevents any form of hindrance. These are the advantages of high-quality heat press machines.

However, heat presses, especially the high-quality ones, are very expensive to buy and set up. But it’s not true that cheap heat presses are worst. The heat press cannot layer colors on fabrics because they will become bulky and heavy.

Do You Know the Five Technical Features of Heat Transfer Machine?

1. Thermal transfer printing is a new method for the design of a variety of materials, especially suitable for the production of a variety of personalized and customized products, as well as printed with full-color images or photographs of the pattern. The principle is that the digital pattern is transferred to the special paper by the special transfer printing ink through the printer, and then the special transfer printing machine is used to transfer the pattern to the surface of the product with high temperature and high pressure, and the product is printed.

heat transfer printing

2. Thermal transfer technology can also use a variety of different materials, to achieve different printing effects, the most important film transfer and sublimation sublimation. The transfer printing paper of the glue film contains the colloid, and then the colloid pattern is printed on the surface of the goods by the high temperature and high pressure mode. Cool music network using high quality imported transfer printing paper and ink, the printed pattern layer of colloid is thin and breathable, not sticky, no crack, wash off; domestic transfer paper is different from many printing with the print pattern glial is thick, sticky, and often crack defects. Cool music net 100% cotton clothing is the use of plastic film transfer printing technology. Sublimation transfer printing is a new generation of technology, using special sublimation ink and sublimation transfer paper. Patterns printed on the product will not produce pectin, if transferred to the clothes, the ink is directly sublimated into the clothing fiber, the reliability of the same cloth dyed, and sharp colors, more suitable for colorful patterns

3. The heat transfer machine products are not all goods can be used to heat transfer printing patterns, involving the heat resistance, smoothness and other factors. Because of advances in technology, it is widely used in thermal transfer printing technology developed mature goods including clothes, cloth bags, hats, pillows, mugs, tiles, watches, mouse pad, coasters, hanging calendars, medals, banners and so on hundreds of products. Cool music network will use the latest heat transfer and other technologies, and continue to develop more personalized products, from head to toe, from wearing to use, to meet your desire for a unique heart.

sublimation printing

4. Textile transfer printing technology is common transfer printing and sublimation transfer printing film.

5. Sublimation transfer printing technology mainly applies only to the surface of polyester fiber (polyester) clothes, such as sweaters and fast perspiration Physical comfortable shirt, and white clothes (best printing pattern position is white, but other parts of the clothes can be other colors, such as color sleeve). Colored clothing using digital sublimation, ink and colored fiber fusion, will make the color of the original design is different, it is not recommended to use.